baking & blog faqs

I'm so happy you follow my blog posts and want to try my recipes, and I want you to be successful in your baking!  As I develop my recipes, I test most of them dozens of times over the years, and I stand behind them.  I've put together a few FAQs that I hope will help answer your questions:

  1. Where do you live?  I live in Denver, CO, and as such, I bake everything at high altitude (5,000 feet above sea level).  Cookie baking, bread making and especially cake baking, can be affected by altitude, and if you live at a lower altitude or at sea level, you may need to make some minor adjustments to the flour, sugar, liquid and leavening agents.  Here is an excellent article with charts on how to convert a recipe from low altitude to high altitude, which you can simply reverse for converting from high altitude to low altitude.
  2. Why didn't my cake turn out?  There could be many, many reasons.  Please read this blog post where I've addressed many of these types of questions.
  3. Can I substitute skim milk, buttermilk or non-dairy milk for whole milk, yogurt instead of sour cream, egg substitute for eggs, margarine or oil for butter, etc?  Once you start making substitutions and deviating from the recipe I've tested, I can't tell you how it's going to turn out.  Sometimes a substitution will work well, and other times, not so much.  If you use a liquid fat (oil) instead of a solid fat (butter), the result will be different.  If you use an acidic dairy product (buttermilk) instead of a non-acidic dairy product (whole milk), it will react differently with the leavening and the result will be different.  My advice would be to always try a recipe as it's written and tested, and then gradually experiment with substitutions to see how it turns out.  I also have no experience with non-dairy, vegan or gluten-free baking, and can't offer advice for substitutions.
  4. Are cake flour, all-purpose flour, self-rising flour and gluten-free flours interchangeable?  Absolutely not!  I use all-purpose flour for most of my cakes, but if a cake recipe calls for cake flour, it will yield a lighter, fluffier crumb than all-purpose flour (a quality that is especially desirable in a white cake); but that said, using all-purpose flour will still be fine, it might just be slightly more dense.  In a pinch, you can create your own cake flour by removing 2 tablespoons of flour from each cup of all-purpose flour and whisking in 2 tablespoons of corn starch.  Self-rising flour is popular in the South and contains leavening; it is never a suitable substitute for cake flour or all-purpose flour as the added leavening would require the entire recipe to be re-written.  I have no use for self-rising flour, and don't even keep it on hand.  Gluten-free flours are also not great substitutes in cake recipes, and in my experience, tend to make baked goods a little more dry, coarse and crumbly.  I've used gluten-free flour in my fudge brownies recipe with decent results, but have not tried it in any of my cake recipes.
  5. Why do you add meringue powder to your buttercream?  I add a tablespoon of meringue powder to my buttercream as it adds a little extra stability, but it can be left out.
  6. How do I keep the buttercream on my cake from melting on a hot day?  I understand the angst of baking and decorating a beautiful cake and then worrying about it sitting for hours in a hot kitchen, or even outside at an event.  If it's outside, you should ensure it's sitting in the shade, and never in the sun.  But a little trick you can use to stabilize your buttercream in warm weather is simply to substitute vegetable shortening for half of the butter.  Shortening has a higher melting point than butter, and when whipped into buttercream, it creates a more stable product without adversely affecting the flavor.  I would never use only shortening, since that won't taste as good as half butter and half shortening will.
  7. My buttercream is ivory/yellowish in color from the butter, so how do I make it nice and white?  First, substituting vegetable shortening for half of the butter will give you a nice white buttercream.  Second, the longer you whip your buttercream, the lighter it will be in color, so be sure you whip it on medium-high speed for at least 4-5 minutes with your stand mixer.  Third, some cake decorators swear that by adding a teeny tiny dab of violet gel food coloring, it neutralizes the yellow color of the butter and whitens the buttercream; I've only tried this once, and wasn't sure if it worked or not, but it's worth trying.
  8. Why do some of your cake recipes call for vinegar?  Milk, combined with an acid like vinegar or lemon juice is essentially the same as buttermilk.  I rarely have buttermilk on hand, so if I create a cake recipe where I want to use buttermilk, I will almost always just add whole milk and vinegar.  The final baked cake does not taste like vinegar.  If you have buttermilk, you can certainly use that instead of the whole milk/vinegar combo.
  9. Can I make a cake ahead of time and freeze it?  Yes, I often bake cakes a week or two ahead, if I know my schedule is going to be tight when it's time to frost and decorate them, and I also find that freezing a cake seals in even more moisture so that the cake tastes incredibly fresh when you thaw it out.  Just bake and cool your cakes, then wrap each layer individually in two layers of plastic wrap.  You can freeze for up to several months, if needed.  Thaw the cakes out at room temperature the night before you plan to frost them.
  10. Can I make buttercream ahead of time and freeze it?  Buttercream freezes very well, and I always have zip-lock bags of leftover buttercream in my freezer which I use for various projects, like spreading over brownies, filling cookies, or frosting small individual cakes or cupcakes.  You can freeze buttercream for up to several months, thaw in the refrigerator overnight, and bring to room temperature for a few hours before you need to use it.  Sometimes I will re-whip the buttercream with my mixer if the texture seems to be a little dry after freezing.
  11. Can I bake/frost/assemble a cake and refrigerate it ahead of time for an event/trip?  Absolutely!  Buttercream frosted cakes (note: not cakes with fondant) can be assembled and frosted up to three days ahead of time, as the frosting will seal in the moisture of the cake (as long as it's not cut) and keep it very fresh.  For my own wedding several years ago, I baked all the desserts and five cakes.  I baked and froze the cake layers about a week ahead of time, then thawed out the cakes to assemble and frost them a couple of days before the wedding.  I packed up the cakes in cake boxes and kept them refrigerated until the day of our wedding, transferred them to the venue in coolers, and then let them come to room temperature for 4-5 hours at the venue.  They were perfect!  Even the caterer was asking me for my recipes, and said they were the best wedding cakes she had ever tasted in her catering career.  I've also taken cakes, packed securely in cake boxes or a hard cake carrier, on road trips, and a cake that's been refrigerated overnight should travel very well in an air-conditioned car without fear of the layers melting, sliding and collapsing; I've transported cakes for up to 6 hours in the car, and they arrived at our destination perfectly.  If your car is very hot, or you'll be driving for longer, I'd recommend keeping the cake in a cooler so the buttercream doesn't melt during the drive.
  12. May I share your recipe on my own blog?  Of course, thank you for asking!  Just be sure to link back to my original post and credit me for my recipe.  You may not, however, copy and paste the content of my blog posts to re-post on your own website; everything must be in your own words.
  13. Do you sell your cakes, and how much are they?  I do sell cakes locally, as my schedule allows, and depending on what you're looking for.  I only accept work that fits in with my personal style (for example, I would rarely make or sell a cake requiring extensive fondant work, as that is not my style).  I won't make a cake if I think the design is ugly (I abhor geode cakes, for example), because it won't be an enjoyable job for me if I don't like how the cake looks - again, it has to fit in with my own personal decorating style.  I will also rarely agree to identically copy someone else's design for you; inspiration from other cakes is very helpful, but I need creative freedom to create the best design for you within my own skill level and personal style.  I can deliver the cake, depending on my schedule, and current delivery/mileage rates for my round trip will be added to the final price.  For further inquiries, please e-mail me at
  14. Comment Policy: This blog is my private space, not a public domain, and I reserve the right to delete any comment that I find rude, offensive, or spammy.  Comments containing links to other websites or personal blogs will be deleted.  Although I try to respond to all questions, I may not answer all questions in the comments if that question has been answered either in a previous comment, within the post or recipe itself, or here in my FAQs.  Sometimes my blog's spam filter is over-zealous and marks a comment as spam even if it's not, especially for "anonymous" users, so those comments may not appear as published.  Please keep comments polite, and remember that I, and others here reading my posts are not faceless robots behind our computers, but real people with feelings.  Bullying and trolling will not be tolerated.


  1. Yay!! I just found your poppyseed cake recipe and thought, now I need to adjust for high altitude. So glad I read a little bit further. I live in Loveland!

    1. I’m so glad! The almond poppyseed is one of my personal favorites. :)


I love comments, and I read and appreciate every single one. Please review my comment policy under my Baking & Blog FAQs page.